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一个沉重的误会?《缅甸“盟军公墓”里没有中国籍士兵》(2012年)  

2012-02-03 01:05:17|  分类: 中国周边事态 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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        最近有朋友来信指出:我之前的文章《缅甸“盟军公墓”里有中国籍士兵》(http://ynyhw2000.blog.163.com/blog/static/1329004812011111342039976/),引用缅甸当地人的情况介绍有误。

        具体内容是:Border Regiment (边防兵团)是纯英国人的团级步兵单位,成立于1811年,为什么纹章(军徽)有中国龙及字样,是因为它为鸦片战争(1841年)侵华部队之一,并夺获大清龙旗一面。

        不过在100多年后的1944年,盟军反攻缅甸密支那日军时,这支部队同中国部队新三十八师曾经并肩作战。

        中国民间著名的缅甸历史学者戈叔亚认为:“那些中国人应该是在中国印度喜马拉雅边境的英军里面的藏人民工,后来这支部队调到缅甸……所以细细追究起来这些中国人也并没有很多意思。”
       希望有军事历史高人出面探讨一下这个问题的真伪,实事求是地反馈读者。

一个沉重的误会?《缅甸“盟军公墓”里没有中国籍士兵》(2012年) - 尹鸿伟记者 - 尹鸿伟的新闻博客

 

 下面为该部队的英文资料介绍及军徽图片:

        The Border Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line in the British Army, formed in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot.
        After service in the First and Second World Wars, it was amalgamated into The King's Own Royal Border Regiment in 1959. Its lineage is continued today by the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment.
        The 2 King’s Own were flown into “Broadway” on March 10, 1944 and flew out from Myitkyina on July 26, having marched and fought over 1,100 miles behind the Japanese lines.
        2 Border fought in the withdrawal from the Kabaw Valley to the Shenam Pass, where many engagements for the defence of Imphal in April/May, 1944 took place; 9 Border fought with 17 Div. up the Tiddim Road and in the battles round Bishenpur and also in defence of the Silchar Track; 4 Border in 23 Bde, harassed the lines of communication of the Japanese 31st Div., and met up with 2 Border on the Ukhrul Road in June, 1944.
        In the advance into Burma, 2 Border crossed the Irrawaddy on February 13, whilst in April, 1945, 9 Border fought in the battles for Meiktila.
        Today’s regiment incorporates the history and traditions of three former regiments. The regiment raised in 1680 as one of the Tangier regiments, was granted the name King’s Own and the distinction of The Lion of England as a badge, by William of Orange in 1688. In 1702, the regiment which became the 34th (Cumberland) Regt was raised, and the 55th (Westmorland)) Regt was raised in 1755.
        The badge of today’s regiment includes the Lion of England of the King’s Own and the laurel wreath awarded to the 34th for their part in the rearguard which saved the Army at the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745.
        In 1756, the 4th and 34th were both included in the small garrison on the island of Minorca. Abandoned by the fleet and besieged by the French, they were forced to surrender, but were allowed to march out with colours flying as a tribute to their gallant defence.
        In the American War of Independence, the 4th and 55th fought together in the Army of General Howe, which successfully captured New York in 1776, and Philadelphia in 1777. The 34th fought with General Burgoyne and was present at the disaster of Saratoga. Moved to the West Indies to counter the French threat, the 4th and 55th share the battle honour “St. Lucia 1778.”
        Having fought in the West Indies in the early years of the French Revolutionary War in the 1790s, the 55th were in the Army of the Duke of York in his campaign in the Low Countries in 1799, showing particular gallantry at the Battle of Egmont-op-Zee. But it was in the Napoleonic wars, and particularly in the Peninsula War that the regiment gained its battle honours. The King’s Own fought with General Moore’s Army in 1808-9 and took part in the famous retreat to Corunna, and the defence of the town whilst the Army was evacuated. Between 1809 and 1814, 11 battle honours were won by the regiment. Arroyo dos Molinos is unique to the regiment, mainly on account of the fact that the English 34th met and defeated in battle the French 34th, capturing their drums and drum-major’s mace, both of which are still in possession of the regiment and trooped every year on the anniversary of the battle.
        The 4th Regt particularly distinguished themselves at San Sebastian in Northern Spain in 1813, where they were instrumental in breaching the wall of the town. After Napoleon’s escape from Elba in 1815, the King’s Own crossed from England to Belgium, and by marching 48 miles in 30 hours, took part in the Battle of Waterloo.
        The Chinese Dragon with which the Border Regt was always associated was awarded to the 55th after the First China War of 1841. The regiment captured an Imperial Chinese Dragon Standard which hangs in Kendal Church, and was awarded the Dragon as a regimental badge. This dragon now appears on the regimental buttons.

一个沉重的误会?《缅甸“盟军公墓”里没有中国籍士兵》(2012年) - 尹鸿伟记者 - 尹鸿伟的新闻博客

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